Dwight D. Eisenhower

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Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (/ˈaɪzənˌhaʊ.ər/ eye-zən-how-ər; Gregorian calendar month fourteen, 1890 – March twenty eight, 1969) was associate degree yank politician and general World Health Organization served because the thirty fourth President of the u. s. from 1953 till 1961. He was a five-star general within the u. s. Army throughout warfare II and served as Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in Europe. He was answerable for coming up with and management the invasion of geographic region operative Torch in 1942–43 and also the triple-crown invasion of France and European nation in 1944–45 from the Western Front. In 1951, he became the primary Supreme Commander of global organization.

Eisenhower was of High German and a lesser quantity of Irish ancestry, and was raised in an exceedingly giant family in Kansas by folks with a robust spiritual background. He graduated from military installation in 1915 and later married Mamie Doud and had 2 sons. once warfare II, Eisenhower served as Army Chief of workers underneath President Harry S. President of the United States so accepted the post of President at university.

Eisenhower entered the 1952 presidential race as a Republican to counter the non-interventionism of legislator Henry M. Robert A. Taft, political campaign against "communism, Korean Peninsula and corruption." He won in an exceedingly landslide, defeating Democratic candidate diplomat and briefly motion the New Deal Coalition. Eisenhower was the primary U.S. president to be constitutionally term-limited underneath the twenty second modification.

Eisenhower's main goals in workplace were to stay pressure on the country and cut back federal deficits. within the initial year of his presidency, he vulnerable the utilization of nuclear weapons in an attempt to conclude the Korean War; his vogue policy of doctrine prioritized cheap nuclear weapons whereas reducing funding for standard military forces. He ordered coups in Iran and Guatemala. Eisenhower gave major aid to assist France in Vietnam. He gave robust resource to the new nation of Asian country. Congress in agreement to his request in 1955 for the island Resolution, that duty-bound the U.S. to militarily support the pro-Western Republic of China in Taiwan and continue the isolation of the People's Republic of China.

After the country launched the world's initial orbiter in 1957, Eisenhower licensed the institution of independent agency, that semiconductor diode to the house race. throughout the city Crisis of 1956, Eisenhower condemned the Israeli, British and French invasion of Egypt, and compelled them to withdraw. He conjointly condemned the Soviet invasion throughout the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 however took no action. In 1958, Eisenhower sent fifteen,000 U.S. troops to Lebanon to stop the pro-Western government from falling to a Nasser-inspired revolution. close to the tip of his term, his efforts to line up a summit with the Soviets folded thanks to the U-2 incident. In his January seventeen, 1961 farewell address to the state, Eisenhower expressed his considerations regarding the risks of huge military defrayal, notably disbursal and government contracts to non-public military makers, and coined the term "military–industrial complex".

On the domestic front, he covertly opposed pol and contributed to the tip of McCarthyism by brazenly invoking the fashionable distended version of govt privilege. He otherwise left most political activity to his vp, United States President. Eisenhower was a moderate conservative World Health Organization continued New Deal agencies and distended Social Security. He conjointly launched the interstate transportation, the Defense Advanced analysis comes Agency (DARPA), the institution of robust science education via the National Defense Education Act, and inspired peaceful use of atomic energy via amendments to the energy Act.

Eisenhower's 2 terms saw extended economic prosperity aside from a pointy recession in 1958–59. Voted Gallup's most loved man twelve times, he achieved widespread well-liked esteem each in and out of workplace. Since the late twentieth century, accord among Western students has systematically control Eisenhower in concert of the best U.S. Presidents.

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