Mahatma Gandhi

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Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (/ˈɡɑːndi, ˈɡæn-/;Hindustani: [ˈmoːɦənd̪aːs ˈkərəmtʃənd̪ ˈɡaːnd̪ʱi] ( listen); two October 1869 – thirty January 1948) was the greatest leader of the Asian countryn independence movement in British-ruled India. using nonviolent direct action, Gandhi crystal rectifier Asian country to independence and impressed movements for civil rights and freedom across the planet. The honorific sage (Sanskrit: "high-souled", "venerable")—applied to him 1st in 1914 in African country,—is currently used worldwide. he's conjointly known as Bapu (Gujarati: benignity for "father",[5] "papa") in Asian country. In common formulation in Asian country he's usually known as Gandhiji. he's on the side known as the daddy of the state.

Born and raised in an exceedingly Hindu merchandiser caste family in coastal Gujarat, western Asian country, and trained in law at the Inner Temple, London, Gandhi 1st used nonviolent direct action as associate expatriate professional in African country, within the resident Indian community's struggle for civil rights. once his come back to Asian country in 1915, he set regarding organising peasants, farmers, and concrete labourers to protest against excessive land-tax and discrimination. forward leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi crystal rectifier nationwide campaigns for relieving poorness, increasing women's rights, building non secular and ethnic amity, ending untouchability, however particularly for achieving Swaraj or autonomy.

Gandhi magnificently crystal rectifier Indians in difficult the British-imposed salt tax with the four hundred kilometer (250 mi) Dandi Salt March in 1930, and later in occupation for the British to Quit Asian country in 1942. He was unfree for several years, upon several occasions, in each African country and Asian country. Gandhi tried to practise passive resistance and truth all told things, and advocated that others do identical. He lived with modesty in an exceedingly self-sufficing residential community and wore the normal Indian loincloth and scarf, woven with yarn hand-spun on a charkha. He Ate straightforward feeder food, and conjointly undertook long fasts as a way of each self-purification and social protest.

Gandhi's vision of associate freelance Asian country supported non secular philosophy, however, was challenged within the early Forties by a replacement Muslim nationalism that was strict a separate Muslim native land incised out of Asian country. Eventually, in August 1947, Great Britain granted independence, however the British Indian Empire was divided into 2 dominions, a Hindu-majority Asian country and Muslim West Pakistan. As several displaced Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs created their thanks to their new lands, non secular violence skint out, particularly within the Punjab and geographical area. Eschewing the official celebration of independence in Delhi, Gandhi visited the affected areas, making an attempt to supply solace. within the months following, he undertook many fasts unto death to push non secular harmony. The last of those, undertaken on twelve January 1948 at age seventy eight,also had the indirect goal of pressuring Asian country to disburse some money assets owed to West Pakistan.Some Indians thought Gandhi was too accommodating. Nathuram Godse, a Hindu nationalist, dead Gandhi on thirty January 1948 by firing 3 bullets into his chest at point-blank vary.

His birthday, 2 October, is commemorated as Gandhi Jayanti, a legal holiday, and world-wide because the International Day of passive resistance.

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